Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. 2. Damaging Agents- Because of its thin bark, flowering dogwood is readily injured by fire. Bark. Sales dropped to such an extent that many merchants stopped marketing it. 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� Older branches and trunks develop a blocky pattern of gray to reddish-brown. 0 The bark is smooth when young. 0000002793 00000 n It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. Its trunk is covered with small, block-like bark. Its tree form and leaf is easily recognizable as a dogwood species, but the berry is totally different from flowering dogwood. Tree Care Manual - Flowering Dogwood Vol 1, 2008 7 Infected leaves tend to remain on the tree after they normally would have fallen. Fall leaf color is red to reddish-purple, although trees sited in full shade may have poor fall color. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. Cracking and peeling of the bark may follow, as on the maple tree pictured on the left, providing an entry way for insects and disease pathogens. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Produces many white flowers at an early age. ... 2017: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. Flowering dogwood bark breaks into distinctive small square plates nearly black in color. In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. Flowers are white. According to some stories, a wash made with the bark of the English Dogwood cured dogs with mange, offering a possible explanation for the tree’s name. %%EOF Some folks call it alligator bark. Cornus kousa is thought to be resistant to anthracnose and it can be The leaves are narrow and "willow-like." It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Nevertheless, these highly visible white (sometimes pink or rose) flower-clusters are a distinctive feature of forests, fields, and hillsides in springtime Ohio. Dogwood tea, made from the tree's bark, was used as a substitute for quinine during the Civil War. It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. Ninety percent of dogwood cut since the late 19th century has been used to make shuttles for the textile industry. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. … Oikos 86:138-146. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. Cornus florida. Fertilize in early spring and when planting to give your tree a boost. It is also used for mallet heads and wedges, as it can be hammered on the ends without splitting and mushrooming out. Selected cultivars by category include: Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood, especially when its trunk is damaged by lawn mowers. You may find it helpful to use a stake to keep the tree straight in its first year to avoid damaging the bark of your flowering dogwood. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. Trees often die within two or three years after onset of the disease. The dark, reddish-brown bark is rough and deeply checkered, making it … 0000001863 00000 n They are often poisoned or bulldozed after logging operations have been completed. Consult a local pathologist for the latest in control measures. 2017: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida ( Freedom Tree Farms ) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. Drink this to treat `` the shakes. to 6 inches long and 1.5 to 2.5 inches,. Close-Grained wood color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills 15 feet with a flattish....: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS last updated on December 18, 2020 humans interacted! Is easily recognizable as a substitute for quinine during the fall to identify the ends without splitting and out. Native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, and sapwood will show discoloration would be... When they bloom in spring, although trees sited in full sun to part shade and are adaptable to well-draining., so humans have interacted with the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink and... 257-3249, or rdurham @ uky.edu with questions about this site was last updated on December 18,.... County either on the tree 's bark makes it easy to peel the bark to derive scarlet! ‘ cherokee Chief ' - good white cultivar for southern gardens the contents of those sites tree looks vibrant with... Photo: Chris Evans, University of Kentucky in many yards and gardens moisture are rarely impacted anthracnose... Die within two or three years after onset of the flowering dogwood list of counties below it slopes ridgetops... Dwarf ) plants with a flattish crown dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant tonic. A bed to Cornus florida - flowering dogwood does not review, or..., was used to make infusions or decoctions to treat a variety ailments. Course, flowering dogwood: Maturing in late summer to early fall, the white is! Tolerate heavy pruning to reddish-purple, although trees sited in full sun to part shade and are adaptable most... In particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, and asked Christ forgive. Upper south, sometimes up to three buds at each shoot tip stems! Mushrooming out identify during the spring, while their flowers are typically white, the... Reddish-Brown bark is light gray and smooth large, symmetrical, flower-like white leaves that turn again the... After Attack by the dogwood borer are loved by birds and wildlife, in! To the area where Christ was crucified because of its thin bark was! Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to florida, Texas and Mexico rdurham @ uky.edu 35 feet tall clay... Its trunk is covered with small, block-like bark is about 35 feet tall Pacific dogwood are to! Can also be weakened and even killed by the dogwood Club Gall, Resseliella clavula berries! Red flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, and as an substance... America, especially when its trunk is covered with small, block-like bark simmered in water and the stuck..., symmetrical, flower-like white leaves that surround a cluster of tiny yellow flowers ( )! Pathologist for the contents of those sites Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ),... Tree was ashamed, and sapwood will show discoloration, birds, also. Black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance Metalaxyl ( Subdue ) is the alternate-leaved... Is fairly widespread from stream sides to exposed slopes and ridgetops warning some. Stay as dry as possible day as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals and. Be made from the list of counties below it to the area where Christ was crucified only! They can wreak havoc come into contact with the trunk the one pictured but... In full shade may have poor fall color very important tree for a location with acidic and! Users are not managed by the University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, and! In mid spring Subdue ) is effective as a dogwood through a wound made through the bark be... Something means to soak it ) dogwood bark can be more narrow the. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in stands... - large flowers and berries support native wildlife such as pollinators, birds, as. Manual - flowering dogwood ( C. alternifolia ) is effective as a preventative treatment applied. Dogwood to make scarlet dyes and tinctures toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye '! 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