"Girls and Women in Classical Greek Religion", Looking at the Renaissance: Religious Context in the Renaissance, Hellenic Religion today: Polytheism in modern Greece, Themis: A Study of the Social Origins of Greek Religion, "Rites of Passage in Ancient Greece: Literature, Religion, Society", Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, The Homeric Gods: The Spiritual Significance of Greek Religion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Greek_religion&oldid=993444967, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 17:21. Our ancient sources for Greek religion tell us a good deal about cult but very little about creed, in no small measure because the Greeks in general considered what one believed to be much less importance than what one did.[4]. Some Greeks, such as the philosophers Pythagoras and Plato, also embraced the idea of reincarnation, though this was only accepted by a few. Ancient Greek theology was polytheistic, based on the assumption that there were many gods and goddesses, as well as a range of lesser supernatural beings of various types. A claimed temple to Apollo, with a community of worshipers and associated sacred grove, survived at Monte Cassino until 529 AD, when it was forcefully converted to a Christian chapel by Saint Benedict of Nursia, who destroyed the altar and cut down the grove. Anything done to excess was not considered proper. But generally Greeks, including slaves, had a reasonable expectation of being allowed into the cella. Our vision is to restore the Hellenic (Greek) polytheistic religious tradition and by extension the Hellenic worldview and lifestyle to its rightful place, as a respected, acknowledged, legally recognised and fully functional spiritual path. [17], The earliest Greek sanctuaries probably lacked temple buildings, though our knowledge of these is limited, and the subject is controversial. The religion of Ancient Greece was classified as polytheistic, which means that they believed in multiple deities. Obviously no Western person ever worshipped anything but the Greek gods! Polytheism is a form of religion where there is more than one god being worshipped. However, several of the Homeric hymns, probably composed slightly later, are dedicated to him. New cults of imported deities such as Isis from Egypt, Atargatis from Syria, and Cybele from Anatolia became increasingly important, as well as several philosophical movements such as Platonism, stoicism, and Epicureanism; both tended to detract from the traditional religion, although many Greeks were able to hold beliefs from more than one of these groups. They believed a system of education was Early forms of the Roman religion were animistic in nature, believing that spirits inhabited everything around them, people included. This was particularly true in ancient Greece and Rome. Other well known realms are Tartarus, a place of torment for the damned, and Elysium, a place of pleasures for the virtuous. Garlic-eaters were forbidden in one temple, in another women unless they were virgins; restrictions typically arose from local ideas of ritual purity or a perceived whim of the deity. Polytheism is the belief that there are many gods, poly comes from the Greek word for “many,” and theism from the Greek word for “God’. The Acropolis of Athens is the most famous example, though this was apparently walled as a citadel before a temple was ever built there. Polytheism is one of the earliest forms of religion that had influence in Greek life. Some deities had dominion over certain aspects of nature. 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