Thus when one mentions ‘white wine’ it is easily confused with domestic white spirits. Thus, just because a bottle says “Chinese wine” on it, it does not imply that the wine is made from grapes. Lychee wine, plum wine, and a honey grape wine made from white wine and honey are all now on the market. Hua diao typically matches better with seafood like crab and shellfish, which offer mild, pleasant flavours. Examples of these non-grape wines include Shaoxing (made from rice in a way that the flavour profile is closer to a dry Sherry, such that it is sometimes used as a cooking wine) and Bingxueli (a sweet white wine fermented from dried grapes and aged in French oak). They can be grouped, according to the ingredients and methods used, into three main categories: Shaoxing wine, millet wine (such as Jimo Old Wine from Shandong Province) and red ferment wine … Local wines account for 90 percent of wine consumed in China. "In those days, there were hardly enough rice and wheat to eat, much less to make liquor with, so poets treated it like Lamborghini or Porsche!". 25/11/2020 Meet Edward Ragg - Master of Wine and Co-founder of Dragon Phoenix Wine Consulting. Unfortunately, like rice wine, the selection of Chinese fruit wines … Nong connotes concentration, which refers to the strong fragrance of the particular wine type. The differences between each type lie mainly in varying degrees of the intensity of its fragrance, or xiang. Not to worry, China has plenty more outlandish but delicious drinks to offer, from pearl milk tea to fermented rice wine. Swallow the wine and breathe in the fragrance through your mouth.After a short while, the fragrance of the wine returns and will last for a few moments on the palate. One peculiarity of the Chinese winemaking industry is the continued existence of wines that are made from fermented rice and sweet fruits such as plums. • "China Wines Information". Wǔliángyè 五粮液 Baijiu. Moreover, Chinese Marselan wines are starting to win prizes in international competitions, raising the profile of Marselan producers in both Xinjiang and Hebei – the two regions that are producing red Marselan wines with extraordinary complexity. In stark contrast, Ningxia in north central China is located along the Loess Plateau, and is primarily arid desert, except for land along the Yellow River, which provides a source of irrigation. The lack of moisture and the much colder winter weather creates starkly different growing conditions in Ningxia. Due to the size of China, and the resulting wide range in climates across the nation, it is perhaps no surprise that China’s wine regions can vary greatly in terms of which grape varieties they specialize in growing. But in the past decade, boutique producers in regions like Ningxia are now producing world-class Bordeaux blends. Due to the size of China, and the resulting wide range in climates across the nation, it is perhaps no surprise that China’s wine regions can vary greatly in terms of which grape varieties they specialize in growing. Each wine listed below also includes alternative varieties that taste similar. The most popular white grape varieties in China include Chardonnay, Italian Riesling and Muscat. Raise the cup to your nose to take in the fragrance of the wine briefly. New Chinese Wine Varieties . But at about 56 per cent alcohol by volume, it isn't a liquor that goes down too easily. Due to its scenic location and relatively mild continental climate, Yantai is also one of the first Chinese wine regions that have seriously explored the idea of wine tourism. Chardonnay, gewürztraminer, moscato are white grape varieties. Only in du kang." Other types of jiu owe their names to other factors, such as production methods or the vessels in which they are contained. 20/11/2020 Far more than any other nation in the world, China has fully embraced the potential of wine e-commerce. Chinese liquor has since come a long way since the time of Li Bai. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Make your wine brand stand out in such a crowded field. Bai jiu can be further categorised into four types: nong xiang, jiang xiang, qing xiang and feng xiang. Nu er hong ('daughter red') and zhuang yuan hong ('scholar red') are famous types of huang jiu whose names are derived from traditional cultural household rituals. In China, Cabernet is KING. In the early stages of … Sign up for our newsletters to get all our top stories delivered. Chinese wine drinking has been played a quite important role in Chinese people's life from ordinary people to kings for a long time. Take a small sip and roll the wine all over the mouth. ... China offer the type of complexity I seek out of the great wines of the world. Popular red wine varietals: Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Barbera, Sangiovese White wine has tannin, but not enough to make it the star of the … For the... Gold Plum Shaoxing … Cantonese Dishes. Going forward, it is evident that the future evolution of the Chinese wine industry will include a combination of Old World winemaking expertise and a New World approach to creativity, innovation and diversity. Chinese jiu is generally separated into two types: bai jiu (white wine) and huang jiu (yellow wine). While China is very much a New World wine destination, the nation’s domestic wine industry is very much focused on French grape varietals, especially Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. 20/11/2020 At an average hypermart of China's iconic cities, there would be more than five hundred wine brands available to choose from. Over the years, experience has taught people to perfect their recipes based on what they have. According to the latest figures from the wine trade exchange VINEX, China could become the No. The Best Hong Kong Restaurants Now Open For Lunch, Hong Kong Restaurant News: Dominique Ansel's IFC Pop-Up, Acme Opens In Soho And More, LKF Delivery Direct Service Offers New Festive Menus In The Comfort Of Home, The Best Restaurant Delivery and Takeaways In Hong Kong, The Best Bottled Cocktails You Can Buy Right Now To Support Hong Kong Bars, 11 Of The Best Christmas Afternoon Teas To Try In Hong Kong 2020, The Best Christmas Hampers In Hong Kong 2020. Many types of jiu are produced all over China, each different in style, age and production process, and each offering a glimpse into the vast history of Chinese culture and philosophy. For brevity's sake, Chinese wine is still a commonly accepted term, although it seems best to retain the name the beverage has enjoyed for thousands of years — jiu. Probably not as famous as mao tai but equally tasty is wu liang ye ('five grain liquid'), a Chinese wine whose name is derived from the five ingredients used to make it: gaoliang, rice, glutinous rice, wheat and corn. The mere lifting of the cup will release notes of its sweet fragrance. Excavations of funerary objects from the Shang dynasty (1750 – 1100 B.C.E.) Currently, a handful of large producers such as Changyu Pioneer Wine Company, Great Wall, Changli and Dynasty Wine Company dominate the domestic market. click here. There is no need to swirl the wine, as Chinese wine naturally possesses a very aromatic nose. By 2005, the Marselan grape had been transplanted to other Chinese wine regions: Gansu, Shanxi, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Qing xiang means 'light' or 'delicate' fragrance, best represented by fen jiu, while feng xiang wine is somewhat a mix of nong xiang and qing xiang, represented by Xifeng jiu. China is among the top ten wine markets in the world. The Old World influence is impossible to ignore - everything from the Bordeaux-style chateaux built in wine regions like Ningxia, to the involvement of famous international winemakers in helping the Chinese wine industry to develop. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. The wine is said to "enter like a pulse, and return like a thread.". If you have not registered for CWC yet, please click here and register first. Wine production in China has thousands of year of history. "The heart is melancholic, the sorrow cannot be forgotten. But that all changed in 2001 when the Chinese province of Hebei (which surrounds Beijing) created a Sino-French Demonstration Vineyard to experiment with the transplanting of Marselan to Chinese soil. enhanced in 2018 Types of wine. Wherein lies relief? The history of Chinese wine growing and winemaking (Part II) Acidification discourages the growth of certain bacteria that might produce undesirable flavours, but it also results in a peculiar but appealing texture and taste unique to Chinese liquor. This French grape is new and modern, but also firmly anchored in France’s traditional winemaking past and the nation’s love of Cabernet Sauvignon. The most celebrated among them was Li Bai, who was even alluded to as one of the Eight Wine-Drinking Immortals by his contemporary Du Fu, himself a famed poet of the Tang dynasty. According to a study by Vinexpo and International Wine and Spirits Research (IWSR), China was the world's fifth-largest consumer of wine (both domestic and imported) in 2011. Good wines are generally sweet on the tip of the tongue, while the inferior ones tend to be bitter. Here are 18 beverages that citizens and visitors in China can't live without: Grains used in the brewing of jiu are first degermed and polished, then soaked and acidified. According to legend, Du Kang was the inventor of Chinese liquor who lived about 4,000 years ago, but by Cao Cao's time, the name had evolved to become a metonymy for good quality Chinese liquor. As an addendum, I hope to visit China for both wine and tea, and am anticipating tasting more Chinese wines. Blaufränkisch – One of Austria’s leading varieties, Blaufränkisch is a good substitute if you’re a fan … Hua diao, which literally translates into 'flower carving', is a type of huang jiu made from glutinous rice and wheat. Javascript is disabled!common.-_please_enable_js, An introduction to Chinese wines and liquors, as well as handy tips on pairing food with Chinese alcohol. For example, China’s top wine region in terms of annual production is Yantai (in Shandong Province), which has been characterized as “China’s Napa Valley” for its relatively warm, temperate climate, close proximity to the w… Pour a small quantity of the wine into a wine cup and study it for any impurity or cloudiness. As China’s domestic producers continue to grow in size and stature, that is leading to renewed interest in the types of wines they are producing for the export market, as well as the new bulk wines they are importing in order to satisfy growing domestic demand. Shui Jing Fang, a highly popular and super premium bai jiu which hails from Sichuan, can trace its origin back to the Yuan dynasty. Shaoxing wine, or shàoxīng jiǔ (绍兴酒), is a type of Chinese rice wine that hails from Shaoxing, a city in China’s Zhejiang Province famous for rice wine production. As a wine, it pairs remarkably well with various meats and heavier, fuller dishes. Shaoxing cooking wine is the best cooking wine in the world. In modern time, China is also an emerging wine-producing nation in its own right with brands such as Great Wall, Changyu and Dynasty. It is the most diverse of all the wine regions and is capable of supporting a much wider range of grape varieties. info@chinawinecompetition.com +44 (0) 330 097 0138, 2020 China Wine Competition: 20 December 2020, The Most Important Websites for Wine Sales in China, A Brief Guide to the Most Influential People in the Chinese Wine Industry, Ningxia - Bordeaux blends featuring Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, Cabernet Gernischt, Hebei (Beijing) - Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Shanxi - Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Tianjin – Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Italian Riesling, Muscat, Yunnan - Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay. Need to recover your password? Although in common speech Chinese liquor (or spirits) and Chinese wine are interchangeable terms, the word 'wine' does not accurately reflect the nature of the beverage. Guizhou is known for producing high quality mao tai, a bai jiu distilled from fermented sorghum, prized for its superb fragrance. Er guo tou is usually matched with winter dishes and heavier meats such as lamb. All rights reserved. Regardless of who invented the idea, by the second century, rice wine had become a popular drink in China. There are numerous types of Chinese wine on sale today. Types of white wines. The big moment for Marselan came in 2017 when the international ProWein trade fair featured 6 different Marselan wines from 6 Chinese boutique producers. Yantai - This region, as the home of 140+ wineries, accounts for nearly 40% of annual wine production in China. China's consumption of red wine h… Today, there are countless producers and distilleries spread over China, making different types of liquor depending on what's available. China Wine Competition is proudly supported and sponsored by: By Beverage Trade Network. 26/11/2020 The China Wine Competition has placed itself in the wine spectrum to help wine brands gain the build they need during these times, where new brands are entering the market on an almost daily basis. Trying all 8 wines will give you a good example of the potential range of flavors found in all wine. Cabernet Sauviginon, Cabernet Gernischt (aka Carménère), Merlot, and Marselan are the primary grapes in Chinese wine production. … It does not describe the styles of wines … 19/11/2020 Here are some influential people who have transformed the Chinese wine industry to top wine consuming country. At the time, the goal was to create a red grape variety for France’s southernmost wine regions that were disease-resistant, and that could be used to produce medium-bodied wines with good colour, fine tannins, and flavours of cherry and cassis. One of the sources of confusion about different wine types is due to the different … Different Types of Chinese Wines Chinese jiu is generally separated into two types: bai jiu (white wine) and huang jiu (yellow wine). The first vintage of Chinese Marselan was 2003, and by the following year, Marselan was being grown in Yantai-Penglai (Shandong). Any below variety can give dry white wine or sweet white wine… Its name gives a clue to its success — the pristine quality of the water from the distillery's well (shui jing means well in Chinese) enables the producer to create this bai jiu of the highest quality. Like other bai jiu, Shui Jing Fang is a wonderful beverage to go with heavier meat dishes. So, if you prefer a particular wine… Chinese liquor is made from a variety of grain, most commonly rice, wheat, glutinous rice, or sorghum. China currently ranks No. Due to the clear Chinese preference for red wines, the most popular red grape varieties grown across the nation also include Pinot Noir, Carignan, Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Gernischt. Types of Chinese Yellow Wine After thousands of years’ development, there are many types of Huangjiu. It’s a key ingredient in … Fine hua diao jiu like Gu Yue Long Shan should be served slightly warmer than room temperature, so that the aromas become more pronounced. © 2020 Tatler Asia Limited. After extensive maturation in caves, the jiu offers an exceptionally pure and fragrant soy-like aroma that pervades the entire room. For example, China’s top wine region in terms of annual production is Yantai (in Shandong Province), which has been characterized as “China’s Napa Valley” for its relatively warm, temperate climate, close proximity to the water (the Bohai Sea), and vibrant agricultural diversity that includes plantings of apples, peaches, pears and cherries. At one time, these producers primarily focused on lower-quality, higher-yielding grape varieties. There are different types of wines and wine … Drawing upon the grape-cultivation and wine … In order to provide you with the best possible experience, this website uses cookies. Wines can be classified primarily by the grape variety used to make the wine and the region where the grapes are grown. We have but only uncovered what is the tip of the iceberg. Through millennia, Chinese spirits and liquor has had a special place in many of China's greatest figures, inspiring lofty praise from scholars and comforting the lonely and the sorrowful. One potential prospect is Marselan, which was created by French viticultural researchers in 1961 as a hybrid cross of Grenache and Cabernet Sauvignon. Perhaps the perfect example of this melding of Old World and New World is in the creation and further development of the Marselan grape. Top 10 Chinese Cooking Wines Pagoda Shaoxing Huadiao Cooking Wine (No Salt). There should be varying tastes on different parts of the tongue. "Liquor in China has a long history, dating back to times when it was used as offerings to the gods; from its beginning, it was considered to be a divine and luxurious item," elaborates Li Gongba, Chinese liquor connoisseur and executive sous chef of Putien restaurant in Singapore. That same love and appreciation for Cabernet Sauvignon have now been transplanted to China, where the next generation of wine drinkers are showing their clear preference for this international grape variety. Below is a quick summary of which wines are most commonly produced in some of China’s most important wine regions: One interesting development in the growth of China’s domestic wine industry has been the search for a “signature grape” that will define China, much as Argentina has Malbec, or South Africa has Chenin Blanc. Should the parents bear a daughter, the wine would be served at her wedding. Nong xiang wine is best represented by Luzhou lao jiu and du kang. The wine was created as the result of a collaborative research between Wangjiu Online and La Revue du Vin de France China to find out what wine would be most suitable for the Chinese … The 8 wines included in this article represent 6 of the 9 styles of wine. 1 wine producer in the world by 2021. Chinese newcomers to white wine find them tart and insipid compared to Chinese distilled, high alcohol ‘white-lightening’ beverages.” White wines … Types of Wine. Under increasing influence from the West, more people have switched to drinking grape wine, so the word 'Chinese wine' has taken on a slightly different meaning. Grains used in the brewing of jiu are first degermed … So reads a poignant line from Duan Ge Xing authored by Cao Cao, a brilliant ruler, military leader, poet and martial artist who lived from 155 to 220 AD. China then introduced more than a hundred varieties of wine and a vast range of wine making equipment from Europe, and recruited foreign wine specialists. Consequently, certain regions are reputed for producing certain types of jiu of exceptional quality. Not only do the 5 grains make this baijiu really popular among Chinese, but it also gives the alcohol an … Some Chinese chateaux, in fact, now are named for foreign winemakers. This page describes wine styles by variety names and production areas. A study by the same organizations revealed in 2014 estimates that 2.17 billion bottles of winewere consumed in China in 2013, keeping China in fifth place. Wuliangye baijiu is a blend of the sacred “5 grains” in China. Wine Labeling. If the family has a son, the wine would then be drunk just as he is ready to take the imperial examinations. This was not only true for the wealthy Chinese… In Cantonese cuisine, it is most commonly used to steam red crabs with. It's named after the intricate carvings of ornamental flowers on the traditional vessels in which it's kept. While its aroma is not as strong as mao tai, its delicate, floral nose and rich flavours make it a perfect accompaniment to a wide array of dishes, ranging from deep-fried pork ribs to braised meats. Retrieved September 13, 2013.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) By the production place: It can be categorized as Daizhou, Shaoxing, Jinhua, Danyang, Shandong Lanling Yellow Wine … However, due to strict guidelines on what grapes could be grown in France, Marselan never took off as planned. Like the grape wines of the West, Chinese liquor is, in a limited sense, terroir-specific — after all, the liquor is a product made from natural ingredients such as crop and water. Guizhou mao tai enjoys a strong sense of identity as it's the official Chinese wine served at state occasions and presented as gifts for VIPs and visiting political figures. Here is a quick reference to the 8 most popular wine varieties and how to pair wine with food.This page describes the different types of wine per district and variety names (riesling, pinot noir, etc.). China is not only one of the world’s most important markets in terms of wine consumption – it is also one of the world’s largest markets in terms of wine production. Common Types of Wine. Jiang xiang wine is represented by mao tai, which has a distinctive fragrance that resembles soy sauce. Our Chinese ancestors either toast wine to forefathers to express … 24/11/2020 Here are the top Italian wines for sommeliers to refresh their wine menus. show that wine vessels make up a significant percent of funerary containers, particularly for royalty. Recently, however, the Chinese have been experimenting with grape and other fruit wines. Wines classified on the basis of grape variety are called varietals and those classified on the basis of region are named by the region itself.. In comparison, France produces 4.2 billion litres of wine each year. Classical Chinese poets were so enraptured by it that they wrote countless poems to the beauty of wine. 8 in the world, with 1.2 billion litres of wine produced each year. Grape wine is a decidedly small portion of the total but this is slowly changing. If Yantai can be compared to Napa Valley in California, then Ningxia might be more accurately described as China’s equivalent of the Mendoza wine region in Argentina. Because Chinese mostly drink red wine, China is now the world's largest market for red wine. Er guo tou ('head of the second pot'), as its name indicates, is a twice-distilled bai jiu with a high degree of purity and taste. If you prefer Cantonese dishes that are less seasoned (for simpler taste buds), … ( 1750 – 1100 B.C.E. VINEX, China has fully embraced the potential of.... A wine cup and study it for any impurity or cloudiness potential prospect is Marselan, types of chinese wines offer mild pleasant... Is known for producing high quality mao tai, a bai jiu be... 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