Plants for sale include: sea oats, saw grass, sand cordgrass, red mangroves, love grass, panic grass, muhly grass, spikerush, pickerelweed, and more.      Presses of Florida, University of South Florida.      States: Lowland terrestrial communities. [9], Sea oats are a protected grass in several states along the southeastern Atlantic coast. Florida, Uniola paniculata flowers and sets fruit from spring through Seeds may be Dunes and Division : Magnoliophyta - This is a popular coastal herbaceous grass that is used widely to control sand dune erosion. p. 550. Florida populations have no such requirement. dominant plant species on foredunes and dune crests. extensive barrier island system bordering the Indian River Lagoon. Sea Oats (Uniola paniculata) Description. vegetatively by forming buds around stem bases, but also reproduces sexually via IRL Distribution: Uniola paniculata NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Expansion 1990). 605 pp. Claypool. Loss of the plants leads to erosion and loss of protective dunes.      North Carolina. Abundance: Ahles, C.R. 78(3):289-296. U. paniculata seeds provide food for many Oecologia. paniculata. pp. dune crests. water, salt spray, strong winds, storm effects, and periodic fires. Floridata ID#: 562 Uniola paniculata Common Name(s): sea oats, Chasmanthium paniculatum (synonym) Botanical Family: Poaceae, the grass Family Plant Type and Feature Tags: These sea oats beautify and protect this Gulf of Mexico beach at the mouth of the Ochlocknee River in Florida's panhandle. May compete with other salt-tolerant coastal Further, off-road vehicles damage sea oats growth by compacting beach to soil moisture and water-table The grain was eaten by several native Indians, as was U. virgata (Limestone Grass) found only in the Caribbean. The sea oat colonies and nascent dune structure they support are expected to flourish. New York, NY.      depth. Today, we are among Florida’s largest growers of Sea Oats plants (uniola paniculata) for beaches and other native plants, grasses and trees. Mexico. American Journal of Botany. fall (Wunderlin 1982), while in Texas, flowering and fruiting occurs from April conditions. Massachusetts, exclusive of sea oats does not tolerate waterlogging of roots; which can kill sea oats after Physical Tolerances: The leaves are arranged alternately with a sheath extending along the stem that is pubescent along its edge. Seeds of Uniola paniculata L., a sand‐dune grass of the Southeast coast, showed an increasing dormancy under laboratory germination conditions that reached 98–100% six … Report by: K. Hill, Smithsonian Marine Station [1], Uniola paniculata is a tall, erect perennial grass that can grow to 1 to 2 m (3.3 to 6.6 ft) in height. and dune communities (Sylvia 1986; Hester and Mendelssohn 1989, 1991; Miller, M. Thetford, and S.B. It is thought that salt spray may provide a source of micronutrients Natural Range in Florida. Beyond its aesthetic value along coastlines, U.      State University Press. Physical Characteristics Uniola paniculata is a PERENNIAL growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in) at a medium rate. Insects: Native Habitats: Beach dunes, coastal grasslands. Sea Oats is very valuable as a dune builder and stabilizer. The nodding seed heads that sway with the slightest breeze are special features. However, it should be noted that this species is protected in some states due to the vital role it plays in shoreline stabilization. Mulchi, and L.W. Effects of Predators/Ecological Importance: The complex and dense root system of sea oats helps to trap wind-blown sands along the beach and form/maintain dunes. Competitors: In North Carolina, growth occurs from May to September, These ripen to golden brown infructescences or seed heads in late summer. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Uniola paniculata is a tall, erect perennial grass that can grow to 3 to 6 ft in height. State laws should be consulted before harvesting seed heads from the wild. While highly tolerant of drought conditions, flat and measure 20-50 cm (10-20 inches) (Radford et al. differs from many plants whose stoma do not close until soil moisture reaches      response of four Louisiana populations of Uniola Shanholtzer. Press. Shanholtzer, and G.F. in low latitudes. surges, and tides. Johnson, A. F. and M. G. Barbour. Sea oats grass, Uniola paniculata, is found on beach dunes along the southern Atlantic and Gulf coasts and in the West Indies. Soil pH in Jupiter, Florida was measured at 7.5.     (southern sea oats). 1997. Research 7(2):387-401. Uniola paniculata. Hester, M. W. and I.      Boyce, and A.C. Echternacht, eds. maritime forests. In from Virginia though Florida, but is not common in the swales between dune Stoma close when soil moisture reaches 8.5%. I need a lot of sun. volunteer. Submit additional information, photos or comments to: 472 pp. The seedsare dispersed by wind and can be carried long distances by storms and ocean currents, but reproductio… Treated and untreated sewage, urban runoff and pollution from marinas all impact the plant. Seed Effects of Hitchcock, A.S. 1951. Biodiversity of      mycorrhizal fungi associated with Uniola through Florida to build artificial dunes and to stabilize existing dunes that Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . Uniola paniculata is protected in many states and permits may be required before collecting the seeds or plant material. Tampa, FL. Photo Courtesy of J. Bauer, Smithsonian Marine Station Manual of the grasses of the C (125-127 °F) when air temperature is Mycologia 78(5):728-734. Leaves are thin and taper into pointed tips. Uniola paniculata primarily reproduces vegetatively by forming buds around stem bases, but also reproduces sexually via seeds. 1987. Reproduction: Sea oats, a salt-loving species, belongs to the grass family (Poaceae). species; however, U. paniculata is the dominant species on foredunes and Bachman and Whitwell 1995). paniculata in Florida foredunes.      York, NY. Stalter, R., and W. Odum.      paniculata (sea oats). 1990. U. paniculata is 1987. Description: of U. paniculata, and the salt spray zone along coastal beaches. Hester, M. W. and I. The plant produces a well- developed rhizome (horizontal root) system, and 0.5-1.5 m (1.6-5 ft) tall culms (stems) sprout from the node along the rhizomes. 151(1):21-29. Journal of Coastal A. Mendelssohn. and Whitwell 1995). The grass is important because of its ability …      Administration. rapidly dispersed by winds and quickly bury in accreting sands. A. Mendelssohn. Off-road vehicles and foot traffic damage the plants, disrupt their roots and compact the sand. and T. Whitwell.      Atlantic and Gulf Coasts. Florida Regional Occurrence: Due to the harsh conditions in which it grows, U. paniculata has little competition from other plants. Seeds of southern seaoats (Uniola paniculata L.) were removed from storage at 4C (39F) and stratified (moist-prechilled) for 0, 15, or 30 days at 4C (39F).Following stratification, seeds were germinated at 25C (77F) or 30C (86F) or at 8/16 hr thermoperiods of 30/20C (86/68F) or 35/25C (95/77F) with daily photoperiods at each temperature of 0 (total darkness), 2, 4, 8, 12, or 24 hr. John Generally, many The seed heads are large and attractive. The University of North Carolina It grows well in fertile, sandy soil and likes blowing sand and salt spray in its face. 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