Anointing of the sick, formerly extreme unction, in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, the ritual anointing of the seriously ill and the frail elderly. It is practiced by many Christian churches and denominations.. Anointing of the sick was a customary practice in many civilizations, including among the ancient Greeks and early Jewish communities. Anointing of the Sick is for Catholics who are sick or facing life threatening situations (like major surgery or a serious medical emergency), as well as those who may be facing immanent death. 1 What is understood today as the sacrament of anointing of the sick is rooted in James 5:13-15: The Anointing of the Sick is a biblically-based ceremony performed for the benefit of a person who is ill, frail from age, or about to have major surgery. The anointing of the sick conveys several graces and imparts gifts of strengthening in the Holy Spirit against anxiety, discouragement, and temptation, and conveys peace and fortitude (CCC 1520). In reality, the Anointing of the Sick is to offer prayers for possible recovery, with the more important intention to give strength to the soul of the sick person. This sacrament was once called extreme unction (meaning final anointing) because it had, over time, come to be reserved for the dying. [Mt:3:16]. The sacrament is administered to give strength and comfort to the ill and to mystically unite their suffering with that of Christ during his Passion and death. The final steps are the anointing of the sick, recital of Our Father, and communion. 1003). Anointing of the sick, known also by other names, is a form of religious anointing or "unction" (an older term with the same meaning) for the benefit of a sick person. The Church believes that the sacrament offers a special grace to calm the spirit. The ceremony petitions God for the person’s spiritual and physical healing through the Holy Spirit, and is meant to unite the person with the suffering of Christ. Anointing of the sick instituted by Christ himself during his time. Often, when people are sick, they get discouraged, depressed, angry, annoyed, and afraid. The anointing of the sick is often a Catholic Christian’s final sacrament. We have been richly gifted by health care ministry in the church from the earliest times. BY: SR. MARLENE WEISENBECK, FSPA, Ph.D., J.C.L. The Anointing Brings Power: It is extremely important to notice in the Gospels that Jesus never did even one miracle until He was anointed by the Holy Ghost. The Second Vatican Council renamed it “anointing of the sick” to describe its appropriate place in the life of the Christian faithful: to offer strength and healing in time of serious illness. 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