a. When the atmosphere was surcharged with an anti-British feeling the episode of the greased cartridges provided the spark which turned it into a conflagration. It was too much of a disgrace and this incident sent a wave of indignation. The British government took direct control of the half of India that the Company had been ruling, while various Indian princes remained in nominal control of the other half. He ordered his fellow … The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. Immediate causes for the Revolt of 1857 was the greased cartridges supplied for the new Enfield Rifles. The Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was proclaimed Emperor of India. Fat of the dog c. Fat of the goat and the sheep d. Fat of cow and pig. They refused to touch the greased cartridges. https://mocomi.com/ presents: The Sepoy MutinyThe Indian soldiers who fought for the British were among the first to revolt against them too. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. https://mocomi.com/ presents: The Sepoy MutinyThe Indian soldiers who fought for the British were among the first to revolt against them too. 5) The Revolt ended the rule of … The grease used included tallow supplied by the Indian firm of Gangadarh Banerji & Co. By January, the rumours were abroad that the Enfield cartridges were greased with animal fat. The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. The sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked and killed his adjutant. THE REVOLT OF 1857. These 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. Fat of the dog c. Fat of the goat and the sheep d. Fat of cow and pig. 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. Printed Pages: 168. the problem of greased cartridges in India in the time of the revolt of 1857 was..... because the greased catridges were made up of beaf of cows and pork of pigs. Q.3- The greased cartridges given to the Indian soldiers was made of what? In May 1857, soldiers in the army of the British East India Company rose up against the British. General Sir Huge Rose attacked Jhansi in March 1858 but the brave Rani Laxmi Bai kept the British General unnerved for quite some time. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. A general sense of racial superiority among the British fueled Indian anger across the country. The Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was captured, his two sons and a grandson were shot dead before his eyes and he was sent to Rangoon where he died in the year 1862 A. D. At Kanpur the struggle for Independence was led by Nana Sahib Dondu Pant (The adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II). II. OR Question - Years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the oppressive British Government took the form of a rising that shook the foundations of British rule in India. 10th May 1857 : Ninety sepoys of 3rd Native Regiment at Meerut revolted on the issue of the greased cartridges. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Indian Rebellion of 1857: Siege of Lucknow, Seven Years' War: Major General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, Biography of Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, India's secret history: 'A holocaust, one where millions disappeared, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. The pretext for revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. In May 1857, 85 sepoys of 3rd cavalry at Meerut rebelled but were imprisoned. The cartridges had to be bitten off by mouth before loading. The sepoys' revolt began in Meerut, the first area to receive the new weapons. On 10th May 1857, the Indian soldiers at Meerut broke into open revolt. It was too much of a disgrace and this incident sent a wave of indignation. Meerut: April 24, 1857, was a Friday. Hindu and Muslim sepoys (c) adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao lI: 4. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. (b) They could not have relations with foreign powers. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Musket cartridges circa 1858 The Sepoys in the East India Company were first issued with the Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket in 1857. On 26 February 1857 the 19th Bengal Native Infantry(BNI) regiment became concerned that new cartridges they had been issued were wrapped in paper greased with cow and pig fat, which had to be opened by mouth thus affecting their religious sensibilities. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. On 10th May 1857, the Indian soldiers at Meerut broke into open revolt. A number of British fell into his hands and he showed great kindness to them. Diffusion of 1857 Revolt. 7. Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. It was admittedly a great and courageous effort by patriotic Indians to get rid of the foreign domination. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. Unfortunately, the Indian Revolt of 1857 did not result in freedom for India. Though he was eighty years old, he played a prominent part in the revolt. Q.2- When did the Revolt of 1857 started? a. 1D77H6RFKHX8 \ PDF ~ The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 Filesize: 6.05 MB Reviews It is great and fantastic. The cartridges had to be bitten off by mouth before loading. Their fellow Sepoys broke out an open rebellion on 10th May and shot their officer and … The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the _____ _____. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. The revolt of 1857, which the British call the Indian Mutiny but many Indians prefer to think of as the First War of Independence, was the defining event in British imperial history. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. This was an attempt by the British to control royal succession in the princely states that were nominally independent from the British. I, on the other hand, have shown through several different sources that the greased cartridges were indeed the essential point in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, and therefore the main cause. The sepoys and the people fought gallantly up to the very end. On 9 May 1857,85 Indian soldiers in Meerut were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for refusing to accept the greased cartridges. The revolutionaries reached from Meerut to Delhi on 11th May, 1857 and the small British garrison at Delhi was not able to resist and consequently fell into their hands within 2 days. In order to regain Delhi, Sir John Lawrence sent a strong British force commanded by John Nicholson. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. The 34 Native Infantry was disbanded and sepoys guilty of rebellion were punished. Causes of the Failure of the War of Independence. … Many of the sepoys, believed that the Government was deliberately trying to destroy their religion. Bentinck and Dalhousie (b) exiled to Rangoon: 3. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. The previous evening, the sepoys had taken an oath not to touch the cartridges. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Their Colonel confronted them supported by artillery and cavalry on the parade ground, but after some negotiation withdrew the artillery, and cancelled the next … 2. This provided the opportunity for circulating rumours that the paper was sealed with animal grease, either beef tallow or pork lard. 4.06.73 b. This gave a grounding for other causes to unravel which contributed to the revolt becoming a mass event. Some time in February 1857, a curious occurrence took place. They were stripped off their uniforms in the presence of the entire Indian crowd. The previous evening, the sepoys had taken an oath not to touch the cartridges. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. The Indians did not make any concession and killed most of the Englishmen, including Sir Henry Lawrence and the notorious English General O’Neil. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. The Mutiny spread rapidly in eastern and northern India. Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. Click to see full answer The course of the Revolt: The Sepoys brokeout into open revolt at Meerut in April 1857. The leader of the revolutionaries in Central India was Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi. ADVERTISEMENTS: Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. Finally, Indians—regardless of class, caste, or religion—felt oppressed and disrespected by the agents of the British East India Company. Though the revolt failed in its objective, even in failure it served a grand purpose. It was a source of inspiration for the national liberation movement, which later achieved what the revolt could not. He fought the British in Bihar and then joined Nana Sahib’s forces and took part in various encounters with the English in Oudh and Central India. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, North India's First War of Independence or North India's first struggle for independence. THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION INDIA IN 1857 One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the smouldering embers of resentment and anger against the unjust, exploitative and oppressive British government exploded into flames and shook the very foundation of the British rule in India. Its cartridges had a greased cover which had to be bitten off before loading the cartridge in the rifle. 6. They further assert that it was not a national war of independence, in as much as the revolt was confined to a particular region and not to the whole of India; large areas like the Punjab, Sind and Rajputana remained unaffected. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. On the 9th of May this year the 160th anniversary of the revolt of 1857 passed off as quietly as during the preceding years. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. 4.06.74 c. 4.06.75 d. 4.06.72. Nana Sahib fled towards Nepal, where he probably died, while Tantya Tope migrated to Kalpi. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. A fierce battle was fought between the British and the revolutionaries under Rani Laxmi Bai and Tantya Tope from June 11 to June 1 8, 1 858 A. D. But the personal velour of Rani and Tantya Tope could not match the resources at the command of the British. But the Merrut incidence led to early breaking of the revolt on (a) May 10, 1857 (b) May 17, 1857 (c) May 21, 1857 (d) May 27, 1857. The Indians believed, quite reasonably, that their religions were under attack by the East India Company. She with the help of Tantya Tope created problems for the British troops. 4.06.74 c. 4.06.75 d. 4.06.72. On the night of 10th May the mutineers marched to Delhi and reached there on 11th May. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. This article deals with ‘ Revolt of 1857 – UPSC.’ This is part of our series on ‘Modern History’ which is important pillar of GS-1 syllabus . Posted on 02.11.2020 by kubuz. 29 March 1857 – The sepoys at Barrackpore refused to use the fat greased cartridges. The Greased Cartridges supplied for new Enfield Rifels was the immediate cause for the Revolt of 1857. Before loading these rifles the sepoys had to bite off the paper on the cartridges. the problem of greased cartridges in India in the time of the revolt of 1857 was..... because the greased catridges were made up of beaf of cows and pork of pigs. 2) Prior to the outbreak of the Revolt, Bahadur Shah Zafar lived in Delhi as a pensioner of the British. Canning tried to make amends for the error and the offending cartridges were withdrawn, … He was arrested and hanged to death on April 8, 1857. In Bihar, the Revolt was led by Kunwar Singh, a zamindar of Jagdishpur. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. a. Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi b. TantiyaTope c. Nana Saheb d. Bahadur Shah Zafar. This war was not spread throughout India but it was limited to few areas mainly Meerut, Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow etc. The East India Company forbade certain religious practices and traditions, including sati—the practice of killing widows on the death of their husbands—to the outrage of many Hindus. The British government disbanded the British East India Company and took direct control of India, bringing an end to the Mughal Empire. General Havelock captured Kanpur after defeating Nana Sahib in a hotly contested battle on June 17, 1857. He was arrested, tried and executed. This seizure of power initiated a period of rule known as the British Raj. 29 March 1857 – The sepoys at Barrackpore refused to use the fat greased cartridges. After a long siege of four months, the British recovered Delhi in September 1857 A.D. In January 1857,British introduced a new cartridge of en-field rifle greased with pig and cow fats, soldiers had to chew it before use. This rebellion was a major anti-colonial movement against the aggressive imperialist policies of the British. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. The Sepoys in the East India Company were first issued with the Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket in 1857. This suppressed discontent bursted out with the use of greased cartridges in the Enfield Rifles. Thus, out of the 90 sepoys, 85 troops refused to use them. Several months of increasing tensions coupled with various incidents preceded the actual rebellion. Col Carmichael Smith, commandant of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry Regiment, had ordered 90 sepoys to assemble and use the disputed “greased cartridges”. Fat of the hen b. This gave a grounding for other causes to unravel which contributed to the revolt becoming a mass event. 6. Q.4- Who was the leader of the Revolt of 1857? Dry tinder-box was there and only The grease was made of fat of cow and pig. The Revolt of 1857-58 was the biggest and bloodiest conflict against any European colonial power during the nineteenth century. When the atmosphere was surcharged with an anti-British feeling the episode of the greased cartridges provided the spark which turned it into a conflagration. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. 3) The Revolt of 1857 started as a mutiny of the sepoys. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. The grease was composed of fat taken from beef and pig. It was an extreme effort made by Indians, but they failed due to certain reasons including mutual jealousies, disunity, and lack of central leadership etc. The Revolt of 1857 started as a _____ of the sepoys. Revolt of 1857. As the Indian revolt gained energy, people found additional reasons to protest British rule. The revolt of 1857 was supposed to have started on May 31, 1857 as decided. On 6th May, 1857 A.D. 85 out of 90 Indian soldiers at Meerut refused to bite the greased cartridges with their teeth. greased cartridge, and shot down his sergeant. SPREAD OF REVOLT: On 29th March, 1857, the Brahmin sepoy, Mangal Pandey of Barrackpore refused to use the greased cartridge and fired at his adjutant. Its cartridges had a greased paper cover whose end had to be bitten off before the cartridge was loaded into the rifle. Col Carmichael Smith, commandant of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry Regiment, had ordered 90 sepoys to assemble and use the disputed “greased cartridges”. After their trial and execution, entire garrison in Meerut revolted and raised the cry of … Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. In their opinion, the discontented sepoys were incited by the landlords and the deposed native princes and the people of India were not directly involved in this rebellion. The revolt of 1857 was supposed to have started on May 31, 1857 as decided. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. These 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). The revolt left an impression on the minds of the Indian people and thus paved the way for the rise of a strong national movement. They released their companions and murdered a few European officers. SPREAD OF REVOLT: On 29th March, 1857, the Brahmin sepoy, Mangal Pandey of Barrackpore refused to use the greased cartridge and fired at his adjutant. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The Revolt: Mangal Pandey. They were stripped off their uniforms in the presence of the entire Indian crowd. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. Fat of the hen b. a. This fits appropriately with the definitions given for main cause, as well as shows the audience that even respectable sources such as the BBC and avid researchers are in agreement with my own position. The Greased Cartridge The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58. Nana Saheb (a) confiscation of Jagirs: 2. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. The Indian revolt lasted until June 1858. I actually have read and so i am certain that i am going to going to go through once again yet again in the future. The Revolt of 1857 The sepoys, Hindu as well as Muslim, were enraged, as the use of the greased cartridges would endanger their religion. THE REVOLT OF 1857. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. It is an important land mark on in the history of India which occurred during the viceroyalty of Lord Canning. One cannot but admire the patriotic spirit of boatmen of Lucknow who refused to carry British soldiers across the river. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. The switch only confirmed, in the minds of the sepoys, that the original cartridges had indeed been greased with cow and pig fat. 4) The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of greased cartridges. Most of the European historians have pointed out that it was a revolt of Indian soldiers who were offended at the use of greased cartridges. Causes of 1857 Revolt. Peasants were none too happy either, though—they joined the revolt to protest heavy land taxes imposed by the British. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. The unrest soon spread to other army divisions and towns across north and central India. In addition, British officers and missionaries began to preach Christianity to the Hindu and Muslim sepoys. The Revolt ended the rule of the _____ _____ _____ _____. , British officers at Barrackpore, when he was eighty years old he. Had to bite the greased cartridges supplied for the first time European colonial power during the preceding.... 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years imprisonment for refusing to accept the greased with! Nana Saheb d. 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