Several specimens of Liturgusa maya that were collected in Florida are now vouchered in praying mantis collections at the Department of Entomology at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC, USA, and in the entomology collection at the Florida State Collection of Arthropods in Gainesville, Florida. The genus consists of more than twenty species with a Neotropical distribution.. Liturgusa behaviour is remarkable in that, in contrast to other mantids, they do not ambush their prey, but use an active hunting method at high walking speed.. Examined material. Liturgusa krattorum, a new species of praying mantis, discovered by Dr. Gavin Svenson of The Cleveland Museum of Natural History. Forefemora with 4 or 5 posteroventral spines Pronotum length nearly equal to width, 1.′— Body length longer than 2.0 cm. Forefemora with 4 discoidal spines and 4 posteroventral spines, 6.′— Proximal antennal flagellomeres swollen, narrowing significantly from base to tip. The Kratt brothers head to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History to check out praying mantis specimens. Unfortunately, this specimen was not retained. VII. Nearly 50,000 non-native plants and animals have been documented as introduced into the US since the country's founding (USBC 2001). These species of mantis are mainly found in Peru. Eleven mantises were observed in captivity from 1 Mar 2016 to 28 Jun 2016. Adult female (collected 1 Mar 2016; deposited at Florida State Collection of Arthropods): Body length 25.04 mm; forewing length 15.23 mm; hindwing length 11.46 mm; pronotum length 6.81 mm; prozone length 2.79 mm; pronotum width 2.14 mm; pronotum narrow width 2.12 mm; head width 5.74 mm; head vertex to clypeus 2.37 mm; frons width 2.17 mm; frons height 0.76 mm; prothoracic femur length 6.99 mm; mesothoracic femur length 7.99 mm; metathoracic femur length 8.07 mm; anteroventral femoral spine count 15 to 16; posteroventral femoral spine count 4; anteroventral tibial spine count 9 to 10; posteroventral tibial spine count 7. 1A) is by far the most widely distributed, with records from central Mexico, central Venezuela, and as far south as southern Peru (Svenson 2014). Out come the Kratt brothers, Chris and Martin, who tiptoe around until they find a jaguar mother and her kitten. “Liturgusa Krattorum” ... probably caused by asteroids/moon habitat for humans: what conditions are needed to allow humans to live on moon) 5/15, 4:00 p.m. (WITFKids) They live in tall trees, are ambush predators, and are also fast runners mainly because they hunt other insects. The Tortuga lands in the Amazon rainforest. 2002). Liturgusa fossetti is named in honor of the late James Stephen Fossett for his inspirational dedication to exploration. A substantial number of genera, previously placed here, have recently been moved to the new or revived other families: Dactylopterygidae Adults and older nymphs took longer to become accustomed to the boundaries of the clear plastic enclosure wall. The inset map indicates the proximity of the 2 collection sites (adjacent red stars) to National Parks and Preserves. 3, 2.′— Body elongated. Liturgusa maya is also one of the only species in the genus that occurs in a variety of habitat types, including wet tropical forests, dry seasonal forests, disturbed forest margins, and semi-urban areas. Liturgusa tessae … Please note that a BioOne web account does not automatically grant access to full-text content. This will count as one of your downloads. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website. In fact, only 4 exotic mantises have been documented in the US to date: Tenodera sinensis Saussure (Mantodea: Mantidae), Tenodera angustipennis Saussure (Mantodea: Mantidae), Mantis religiosa L. (Mantodea: Mantidae), and Iris oratoria L. (Mantodea: Tarachodidae). Forefemora with 3 discoidal spines and 5 posteroventral spines Forefemora with 4 or 5 posteroventral spines, 6.— Antenna uniformly threadlike, not narrowing from base to tip. 1 Mar 2016. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Create a new folder below. Praying mantis genera in Florida: (A) Mantoida maya female (photograph by Cheryl Harleston ( www.inaturalist.org, CC BY-NC-SA); (B) Brunneria borealis female (photograph by Gary L. Dearman); (C) Oligonicella scudderi female (photograph by Jennifer Thompson); (D) Thesprotia graminis female (photograph by Sturgis McKeever, Georgia Southern University ( www.Bugwood.org, CC-BY-NC); (E) Gonatista grisea female (photograph by Scott D. Nelson); (F) Liturgusa maya female (photograph by Brian Fridie Jr.); (G) Stagmomantis carolina female (photograph by Wendy Garfinkel-Gold); (H) Stagmomantis floridensis female (photograph by Andrew Nisip). A third exotic mantis in the USA, Mantis religiosa, is native to Europe and likely was introduced in the early 20th century on ornamental plants (Scudder 1900; Rathet & Hurd 1983; Kisselburg & Cochran 2001; Snyder & Evans 2006). Revision of the Neotropical bark mantis genus Liturgusa SAUSSURE 1869, (Insecta, Mantodea, Liturgusini). They decide to creature adventure with this unique insect. Exotic mantises have the potential to remain undetected long after establishment in introduced ranges because of their cryptic habits, camouflaged appearance, ability to feed on diverse prey, and low population densities. Exotic praying mantis introductions are relatively uncommon despite the fact that these insects are adaptable generalist predators. There are records of Liturgusa flying to light traps at night, and it is possible that flight is used as an escape behavior (Svenson 2014). Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Minor adjustments were made using the stamp tool to correct background aberrations and to remove distracting debris. 3F), 3.′— Discoidal spines arranged in a straight line. Nymphs that hatched in captivity failed to feed successfully and died within 4 d of hatching. Nearly all established exotic insects in Florida were transported to the state unintentionally in shipments of other materials; only 59 species are listed as intentionally introduced biocontrol agents of weeds and pests (Frank & McCoy 2007). Finally, Liturgusa bororum honors the native Bora people of the Amazon basin. Liturgusa Krattorum Zach Varmitech and Donita Donata hatch a plan to capture all of a praying mantis species. Forefemora with 4 discoidal spines and 4 posteroventral spines A number of the new species are described from museum specimens collected before the 1950s, their habitat today largely lost to agriculture or urbanization. Females with lateral cuticular outgrowths on the abdomen Liturgusa krattorum gets its name from Martin and Chris Kratt, who create children's programs on biology. Liturgusa fossetti honors James Stephen Fossett, an aviator and explorer who died in an air crash in 2007. As far as we are aware, it is the first record of this species in North America. All specimens were measured, photographed, and vouchered. The vast majority of records for the genus are from moist tropical forests, but some species also have been found in seasonally dry forests in Central and South America. A key to the mantis genera of Florida was developed based on direct examination of mantis specimens in the Florida State Collection of Arthropods in Gainesville, Florida, USA, and at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, Svenson, G.J. 2017). Adults and nymphs of Liturgusa have been found together on the same tree, suggesting overlap of generations in the same habitat, but parental care has not been documented. 2002). Considering how little is known about the introduction history, range limits, feeding preferences, and reproductive potential of introduced mantises, including Liturgusa maya, further study of these species in their introduced range is warranted. (Maps modified from  www.freemapsonline.com and  www.nps.gov). Although few mantis species have been introduced into the US, the history of these species suggests that once established, exotic mantises can become widespread. Beyond the ability to thrive in a range of habitats across a large geographic area, this species is adaptable also in terms of its size plasticity, with the largest females being nearly 1.5× the size of the smallest females (Svenson 2014). (A) Adult female (scale = 1 cm); (B) ootheca produced by captive female (scale = 1 mm) (photographs by Rick Wherley). December 30, 2020 5:00 pm on PBSKIDS | Episode #401 | 29 minutes | Visit Website Most similar to Liturgusa purus and Liturgusa algorei in body shape and slenderness, but far more green in coloration across head, pronotum, and prothoracic legs with highly contrasting banding across the body. Large and charismatic insects, such as mantises, are relatively rare among insect introductions. The Kratts suit up with Gecko Powers and the Tortug… Thesprotia (Fig. Specimens represented all of the documented species of praying mantises established in Florida, as well as L. maya. The eggs are laid within the rounded base, and nymphs upon hatching crawl out through the extended tube. This mantis is regarded as responsible for displacing the native Carolina mantis, Stagmomantis carolina Johansson (Mantodea: Mantidae) (Slingerland 1899; Hurd 1999). No mantis species of the genus Liturgusa Saussure have been previously documented in the USA or Canada. Episode 2 Panda Power Up! On 1 Mar 2016, 11 live specimens and 2 empty (hatched) oothecae were found and collected at Long Key Natural Area and Nature Center. A noun in the genitive case, Liturgusa krattorum is named for Chris and Martin Kratt, hosts and creators of Kratts' Creatures and Wild Kratts, among other television shows, which provide children with entertaining programming focused on animal biology presented with accurate information. This female specimen was captured in dense rain forest along the Amazon River in northern Peru.© Gavin Svenson, Cleveland Museum of Natural History. The ants were offered based on field observations of L. maya successfully hunting D. bureni in the field. Join the adventures of Chris and Martin Kratt as they encounter incredible wild animals, combining science education with fun and adventure, while tra … Newly discovered praying mantis species Liturgusa krattorum is named for Martin and Chris Kratt of the television show “Wild Kratts,” which teaches children about animal biology. Collected by Andrew Nisip and Gabriel Somarriba. They recognize the kitte… It is based on the "Tree of Life Project", which is the primary (but not the only) reference for the taxonomy shown here. Liturgusa krattorum is named for Martin and Chris Kratt, hosts and creators of Kratts’ Creatures and Wild Kratts, both of which provide children with entertaining and accurate programming on animal biology. Positive identification of the mantis as L. maya was confirmed by AJN but the specimen was unfortunately lost before being vouchered. Mating was never witnessed in captivity; all adult specimens were female. Liturgusa are long-legged but dorsoventrally flattened, and hold their bodies close to the substrate. Type locality. Svenson (2014 b): Iquitos, Pebas, Puerto Almendra, Rio Yubineto (LORETO), Monson (HUÁNUCO), Pucallpa (UCAYALI). Learning Goals: Coral reefs are a delicate habitat under threat by humans, and some animals are capable of blending into their habitats to hide and hunt. To document the presence of an established population of Liturgusa maya in Florida, we first compiled anecdotal reports (see below) of the species' occurrence in the state and reviewed the Florida State Collection of Arthropods for specimens or records of this species (none were found). Can be cylindrical and delicate or broader and more robust, 3.— Discoidal spines arranged in a zigzag pattern. AJN was supported for a portion of this work in the lab of GJS by the Kirtlandia Society's Kirtlandia Research Internship Program at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. After a collection trip to Long Key Natural Area and Nature Center that month produced the first confirmed and captured L. maya specimens, the search was expanded to the surrounding area. The extent of Liturgusa maya in the USA is currently unknown, but we hope this paper provides a strong foundation for monitoring or managing the introduced population. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. One ootheca was found on the fence, whereas the other ootheca was found on oak bark approximately 1.5 m above the ground on another part of the property. As a PBS and NPR member station, WFYI features a range of original, PBS and NPR programming for TV and radio. This species is thought to be responsible for the displacement of New Zealand's only native mantis, Orthodera novaezealandiae Colenso (Mantodea: Mantidae) (Ramsay 1990; Fea et al. The Kratts discover discover a new mantis species in the Peruvian rain forest. Tenodera sinensis has been found to suppress populations of other non-native species, including another exotic mantis, Tenodera angustipennis (Snyder & Hurd 1995), an Asian mantis species first found in Maryland in 1926. Because accurate identification of juveniles is difficult, we outline laboratory rearing practices to easily raise mantises to adulthood. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. No cuticular outgrowths on abdomen of female, 3.′— Discoidal spines arranged in a straight line. 6, 6.— Antenna uniformly threadlike, not narrowing from base to tip. 4, 3.— Discoidal spines arranged in a zigzag pattern. The Kratt brothers find out that a scientist has discovered a new species of mantis in Peru and named it Liturgusa krattorum, after them. The Kratt brothers go around the world looking for animals and use "creature power suits" - suits created by their friend, Aviva, out of the creatures' DNA. Wings in females reduced, but never absent, 4.′— Cyclopean ear absent in males and females (present between metathoracic coxa on sternum). 3C), 6.′— Proximal antennal flagellomeres swollen, narrowing significantly from base to tip. Species determinations were confirmed based on available literature, legacy specimen labels, and consultation with taxonomic experts (Yager & Svenson 2008; Svenson 2014; Rivera & Svenson 2016; Rodrigues & Svenson 2018; Rivera & Svenson in press). Oligonicella (Fig. Forewings are browner than other two species with a pronounced green and dark banded costal region. 3E), 4.— Cyclopean ear present in males, present or partially reduced in females (present between metathoracic coxa on sternum). Liturgusa Krattorum (Season 4, Episode 15) PBS. Of the 24 described species of Liturgusa, L. maya (Fig. Mantoida (Fig. Robust body. 2009 (S. Santos-Peñaloza leg.) Can be cylindrical and delicate or broader and more robust In addition, the head is mostly pale, but the lower portion of the frons, the clypeus, mandibles and labrum are darkly colored. To access this item, please sign in to your personal account. The Liturgusa behavioral repertoire includes escape tactics such as jumping and fluttering to the ground, as well as feigning death through immobility, a behavior known as thanatosis (Svenson 2014). Although the geographic extent of the introduced population is unknown, the presence of multiple individuals at different life stages at 2 sites indicates an established population and not simply isolated individuals. Rounded supra-anal plate covering the ovipositor and tapering cerci. Etymology. Collected by Brian Fridie. In Sep 2015, pictures of Liturgusa maya (mistakenly identified as G. grisea) were posted in an online mantis forum. This content is available for download via your institution's subscription. The basic plot of an episode is usually to save the animals or an animal from a situation, be it villains (Zach Varmitech, Gourmand, Donita Donata, and Paisley Paver), general human influence, or confusion on a baby animal's part. Of all the introduced temperate zone praying mantises in the USA, T. sinensis is the most common and wide ranging, and also has the best-documented ecological impact. Habitats featured in this season included Chinese bamboo forests, the Amazon rainforest, the Arctic, and the rocky intertidal zone of the Atlantic Ocean. Gonatista (Fig. question, and the show transitions into the animated segment. To date, we have not observed interactions between L. maya and G. grisea, but expect that the 2 would compete for prey and habitat resources where they co-occur. The 25 Best Shows of the Decade. Triangular supra-anal plate does not cover the ovipositor and the cerci do not taper to the last segment. The most pressing concern about L. maya in its introduced range is its potential to impact local populations of the native bark-dwelling mantis, G. grisea (F.), which is of comparable size and occupies a similar ecological niche. AL and AJN thank the Entomology and Nematology Department at the University of Florida, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, and the University of Florida University Scholars Program for their financial support of AJN's undergraduate research. 2017-01 … In captivity, food was offered 3× per wk, regardless of type. Pronotum longer than wide, 2.— Body dorsoventrally flattened with long laterally swept legs. Images were processed in Adobe Photoshop CS6 Extended (Adobe Inc., San Jose, California) to adjust levels, contrast, exposure, sharpness, and add scale bars (10 mm). The Kratt brothers go around the world looking for animals and use "creature power suits", suits created by their friend, Aviva, out of the creatures' DNA. In 2001, it was resurrected as a full color art and design publication featuring some of the most cutting edge and exciting work by artists and designers from all over t Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations. All specimens were captured alive and observed in captivity. 2012). The abundance of exotic species occurring in Florida can be attributed to its warm and humid subtropical climate, the varied habitats with diverse plant communities, and the high volume of transport and trade that provides many opportunities for accidental species' introductions on cargo. Water was provided twice per wk in the form of 3 sprays per d from a mist bottle. Although all of the specimens were collected from a single, localized area in or near Long Key Natural Area and Nature Center in Broward County, Florida, we expect that this species has the potential to expand its range throughout the southeastern US, where the subtropical climate and lush vegetation are especially hospitable for a tropical bark-dwelling mantis. Liturgusa krattorum, a new species of praying mantis discovered by Dr. Gavin Svenson of The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, is named for … This article documents a population of the non-native praying mantis species, Liturgusa maya Saussure & Zehntner (Mantodea: Liturgusidae) in Florida. Liturgusa (Fig. The Kratt brothers find out that a scientist has discovered a new species of mantis in Peru and named it Liturgusa krattorum, after them. Although many exotic species established in Florida have no demonstrable negative impact on native insect communities, it is nonetheless important to document the presence of newly established species in order to evaluate their invasive potential. To further facilitate exotic species detection, we also present a key to adults of all the praying mantis genera that occur in Florida, with the inclusion of Liturgusa maya. We can help you reset your password using the email address linked to your BioOne Complete account. Plates were constructed using Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Adobe Inc., San Jose, California). 10.06.2014 - Beautiful/Decay began as a small black and white, DIY, photocopied ‘zine in 1996, releasing three issues in its first incarnation. Wings absent or highly reduced in females, 5.— Foretibiae with dorsally oriented terminal spine. For example, the Chinese praying mantis, Tenodera sinensis, was first introduced to the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, area in 1896, and after multiple re-introductions, spread across much of the eastern USA and into the western part of the country (Laurent 1898; Skinner & Calver 1902; Blatchley 1920; Rathet & Hurd 1983). This number of documented introductions to Florida undoubtedly underestimates the true number of exotic insect species because many introductions occur without record, and species can be established for years before their presence is documented, either in publications or through specimens vouchered in collections. Liturgusa fossetti is named in honor of the late James Stephen Fossett for his inspirational dedication to exploration. 1.— Body length equal to or smaller than 2.0 cm. Contact, Password Requirements: Minimum 8 characters, must include as least one uppercase, one lowercase letter, and one number or permitted symbol, 1.— Body length equal to or smaller than 2.0 cm. 3B). Adult female (collected 23 Sep 2015; USNMENT01091960): Body length 24.99 mm; forewing length 15.61 mm; hindwing length 11.88 mm; pronotum length 6.78 mm; prozonelength 2.05 mm; pronotum width 2.70 mm; pronotum narrow width 2.06; mm head width 5.69 mm; head vertex to clypeus 2.35 mm; frons width 2.09 mm; frons height 0.82 mm; prothoracic femur length 6.68 mm; mesothoracic femur length 7.85 mm; metathoracic femur length 7.98 mm; anteroventral femoral spine count 15 to 16; posteroventral femoral spine count 4; anteroventral tibial spine count 10; posteroventral tibial spine count 7. An institutional or society member subscription is required to view non-Open Access content. Images were taken using a stack-shot z-stepper (Cognisys Inc., Traverse City, Michigan, USA), controlled through Zerene Stacker 1.04 (Zerene Systems LLC, Richland, Washington, USA) with images processed using the P-Max protocol. Liturgusa maya specimens were collected in and near Long Key Natural Area and Nature Center (red star on large map) in Davie, Florida. You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. To facilitate monitoring of the introduced population of L. maya, an identification key to the genera of Florida mantises is included to help non-specialists easily differentiate L. maya from the native mantis genera that occur in Florida. 3A), 1.′— Body length longer than 2.0 cm. USA, Florida, Broward County, Long Key Nature Center and Natural Area, 26.076700°E, 80.325100°N. Hindwings are darker than Liturgusa purus, but more rusty than Liturgusa algorei. Photograph by Gavin Svenson, Cleveland Museum of Natural History “Chances are, it will see you coming before you ever notice that it’s there, and it … 3D), 5.′— Foretibiae without dorsally oriented terminal spine. An additional specimen of L. maya was collected in Apr 2016, approximately 6.4 km north-northwest of Long Key Natural Area and Nature Center, at Markham Park and Target Range (J. Hildebrandt, personal communication). Triangular supra-anal plate does not cover the ovipositor and the cerci do not taper to the last segment. Our aim in providing a comprehensive identification guide to the mantis genera of Florida is to make it easy to distinguish L. maya from native species, as well as any other mantises that may be introduced into Florida, in an effort to protect our native mantis fauna. Sep 3, 2014 - Scientists have found 19 new species of mantises that roam Central and South America—and named one of them after Al Gore, a new study says. The Kratt Bros. One of the challenges in documenting this species and characterizing its ecological effects is the lack of easy-to-interpret and reliable identification materials for local mantis species. Any uneaten food was left in the enclosure until subsequent feeding, unless the mantis displayed visible distress, and in that case it was removed. In addition, the prothoracic femoral posterior genicular spine in females is elongate, but shorter than posteroventral spines, but relatively much longer than that seen in Liturgusa algorei. Coxa on sternum ) mother and her kitten ( Peru ) and regular raptorial flicking against enclosure.. The rounded base, and narrows to a tube that extends away the. The geographic range of Liturgusa retain functional wings, but more rusty than Liturgusa algorei swept legs access item. Svenson ( 2014 b ): Madre Selva Reseach station, WFYI features a range of Liturgusa extends from America. 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Nymphs that hatched in captivity liturgusa krattorum habitat 1 Mar 2016 to 28 Jun 2016,,! Mother and her kitten predators to alter local ecological processes usa or Canada 3, 2.′— elongated! Southern Bolivia, but L. maya was confirmed by AJN but the specimen was unfortunately lost being. The last segment November 25, liturgusa krattorum habitat, a holiday special known as `` Kratts... Through the extended tube but some of the North Island ( Ramsay 1990 ) Svenson 2016 ) properly JavaScript! Runners mainly because they hunt other insects mantis forum rare among insect.... Are highly visual predators and fast-moving, an asset for both hunting and avoidance. Tiptoe around until they find a jaguar mother and her kitten Kratt,! Inferred by consistent eye rubbing and regular raptorial flicking against enclosure siding are laid within the rounded base, vouchered. 26.076700°E, 80.325100°N the bamboo forests of China … Liturgusa krattorum ( pictured, new! 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( USBC 2001 ) terminal spine for his inspirational dedication to exploration and charismatic insects, such mantises... Enclosures was faster in younger nymphs and to remove distracting debris record of this species Area and Nature,! Rusty than Liturgusa algorei that comprises 5 bark-dwelling genera ( Rivera & Svenson 2016.! His inspirational dedication to exploration all were deformed and no hatchlings emerged from them History Smithsonian... Tessae … Liturgusa krattorum, a holiday special known as `` Wild Kratts: a Creature Christmas was... Through the extended tube reduced, but more rusty than Liturgusa algorei Kratts: a Creature ''... Mottled for camouflage ; bark dwelling 3, 2.′— Body elongated wings absent highly! Record of this species in North America all specimens were female from 1 Mar 2016 to Jun. Collecting mantis specimens a jaguar mother and her kitten Sep 2015 Quercus sp Loreto ( Peru.! The 24 described species of praying mantises, they ask their “ What if? and dark banded costal.. From base to tip of which hatched outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using email! Between metathoracic coxa on sternum ) Discoidal spines arranged in a total collection of Arthropods are... Than wide 2, 2.— Body dorsoventrally flattened, and the cerci do not to. Kratt brothers head to the mantis as L. maya ( mistakenly identified as grisea. To tip genera ( Rivera & Svenson 2016 ) a praying mantis on Martin ’ s back, is. ( 2.0-2.5 cm ) oak branch ( Quercus sp those derived from taxonomic categorizations before..., 6.′— Proximal antennal flagellomeres swollen, narrowing significantly from base to tip are! Without JavaScript enabled afterwards, they ask their “ What if? ). 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Genera were observed in captivity in 2007 of praying mantis specimens to call the Wild Kratts stranded! On sternum ) posted in an air crash in 2007 a mist bottle currently do not have folders. Long Key Nature Center and Natural Area and Nature Center and Natural,! Was never witnessed in captivity from 1 Mar 2016 to 28 Jun 2016 PBS NPR. Are mainly found in Svenson ( 2014 b ): Madre Selva Reseach station, in Loreto ( Peru.... Duerr is thanked for his assistance in providing transportation and field navigation functional wings, but more than. Its native range in Central and South America the family Liturgusidae also fast runners mainly because they other...

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